Language is an essential part of our everyday life. No matter where we are or where we are going, we are always surrounded by written signs, which help us to orient ourselves, inform us or even prohibit certain actions. Researchers at the University of Luxembourg have now developed an app to study the use of such signs in Luxembourg and the surrounding regions with help from the general public.
Written signs are used by different players (administrations, shops, private individuals, artists) for different purposes, and are often removed in unauthorised cases such as graffiti. The variety of such signs in public space, the so-called linguistic landscape, is currently being studied by the linguists of the Institute for Luxembourgish Linguistics and Literary Studies at the University of Luxembourg. "We are concerned with the question of how the interpretational sovereignty of public space is negotiated in a society, and who, therefore, has the right to put up inscriptions in public space where and how," explains Dr Christoph Purschke, Assistant-Chercheur at the Institute for Luxembourg Studies. "The question of the presence and dominance of different languages plays a key role in public discourse in multilingual societies such as Luxembourg."
Signs and inscriptions
In this context, Christoph Purschke, together with Prof. Peter Gilles, examines the share of German, French, Luxembourg and Portuguese signs and inscriptions in Luxembourg and the surrounding regions. The growing importance of English in the everyday life of many people is also to be investigated more closely in the context of the Luxembourgish linguistic landscape.
The special highlight of the project: the researchers do not want to collect and analyse the data for their investigation on their own, but with active support from Luxembourg’s population with the help of the "Lingscape" smartphone app, which can be downloaded free of charge in the app stores of Apple and Google. "As researchers, we are part of the society in which we live," explains Dr Purschke. "This is why we are not that interested in our scientific perspective on the linguistic landscape, but more in the citizens’ perspective." This process is also referred to as Crowdsourcing or Citizen Science.
Virtual map of the linguistic landscape
What are the signs in public space that people notice? In which languages are they written? And where exactly are these signs? Now, everybody can support the researchers from the University of Luxembourg in answering these and other questions. The "Lingscape" app makes it possible to use the smartphone to take pictures of signs and inscriptions in public space and to locate them geographically exactly on an interactive map. Users can also see in the app what other users have uploaded. Over time, a virtual map of Luxembourg's linguistic landscape will be created with the support of the citizens. The data obtained in this way are subsequently evaluated by means of methods from computer linguistics.
At the beginning, the project concentrates on Luxembourg and the surrounding countries. But the app can be downloaded and used from all over the world. "Luxembourg is of course of particular interest to us," says Christoph Purschke. "But linguistic landscapes are diverse and exciting all over the world, so we want to expand the app into a universal research tool for other projects as well." Also the use of the app in schools is a declared goal of the project. Therefore, the researchers will establish an official cooperation with the Luxembourg Ministry of Education. On the one hand, the app helps raising students' awareness of multilingualism and the complex conditions of their social anchoring. On the other hand, the handling of images and copyrights on the internet can also be illustrated with Lingscape.
Photo: © Michel Brumat / Université du Luxembourg