Physical Activity, Sport & Health

Competences

Main axes of research

The grope is involved in two main research axes.

Sports injury prevention

  • Sports injuries have been recognised as a serious public health burden. We have carried out research projects on sports injuries in different contexts, such as youth sport, semi-professional football or the army. Especially, our expertise in the evaluation of the effect of shoe features on running-related injuries and biomechanics is recognized internationally. This research was published in the highest ranked peer-reviewed scientific journals in Sports Medicine. We will pursue our research activities in sports injury aiming at developing new methodological approaches to collect objective data in the field, improving the ability to identify individuals at higher injury risk and setting up interventions to test new preventive measures. New technologies will be identified, validated and appropriately tested for their usability.

Physical Activity assessment

  • Despite growing evidence of the importance of physical activity for health across the lifespan, our lifestyles are increasingly sedentary as shown by the poor adherence to recommendations on physical activity in most countries. A key limitation of current recommendations is that the evidence is based on findings using self-assessment questionnaires and focusing mainly on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Therefore, there is a need to better understand which dimensions of physical activity shape health outcomes. The use of accelerometers is an emerging opportunity to extract measures of intensity, duration and accumulation patterns of physical activity, as well as to investigate the association between physical activity metrics and health. However, there are considerable methodological challenges in the construction of relevant physical activity metrics from raw data. We will apply innovative methods to identify physical activity patterns, investigate their association with health conditions, and aim to use them in personalised interventions.

Current research projects

  • Shoe cushioning, body mass and running biomechanics as risk factors for running injury: The main purpose of this project is to investigate the association between shoe cushioning, body mass and the risk of running-related injury in recreational runners. The secondary aims are to identify which of the running technique-related characteristics (spatiotemporal variables and impact forces) are associated with injury risk, and which of them are influenced by the cushioning properties of the shoes.
  • Advanced analytical methods to assess physical activity behaviour using accelerometer raw time series data. This scoping review looks at analytical methods that go beyond total physical activity volume, average daily acceleration and the conventional cut-point approaches, involving tri-axial accelerometer data from any sensor attachment location, and covering both data- and knowledge driven techniques.
  • Accelerometry-based physical activity metrics and their association with non-communicable diseases in Luxembourg (data from ORISCAV-LUX study).

Resources and collaborations

Equipment

Hardware

  • Triaxial accelerometers (Actigraph wGT3XP)

Software

  • STATA, R, MATLAB

Products and services

  • Sports injury surveillance and training load quantification
  • Assessment of the effectiveness of sports equipment on injury prevention
  • Measurement of physical activity, physical function and fittness

 

Major partnerships and collaborations

  • Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER)
  • Fédération Luxembourgeoise des Associations Sport Santé (FLASS)
  • Fertilizers SAS (Luxembourg)
  • Decathlon (Villeneuve d'Ascq, France)
  • Arsalis (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique)
  • Gent University (Belgique)
  • Aarhus University (Denmark)
  • École nationale de la statistique et de l'analyse de l'information (ENSAI, France)
  • Aix-Marseilles University (AMU, France)
  • La Trobe University (Melbourne, Australia)

Human resources

  • 1 Researchers (Prof., ass. Prof., Post-docs, PhD)
  • 0 Doctoral students and students
  • 1 Engineers
  • 0 Technicians
  • 0 Other

Business sector(s)

  • Life Sciences, health and biotechnology

Contact

Physical Activity, Sport & Health
76, rue d'Eich
Luxembourg
Phone: +352 26 97 02 31
Email: laurent.malisoux@lih.lu
Site: https://pash.lih.lu/

R&D Contact

Malisoux Laurent
Group Leader
Phone: +352 26 97 02 31
Email: laurent.malisoux@lih.lu

  • Updated 26-11-2020