In brief Since the 1980s, research, development (R&D) and innovation have been political priorities for the successive Luxembourg governments. Major investments have in fact been done to favour the development of R&D and innovation in both the public and private sectors. R&D and innovation infrastructure and capacities have been created, strengthened and consolidated in order to enhance the Grand Duchy's economic competitiveness. The increase in activities within this sector has enhanced the visibility of Luxembourg R&D and innovation, nationally and internationally, and has provided a significant boost of scientific human resources. This section will allow you to learn about the key dates of R&D and innovation in Luxembourg. The objective is to provide a brief overview of the most important developments in this key sector in Luxembourg’s economy. 2015 Creation of the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) with the merger of Public Research Centres Henri Tudor and Gabriel Lippmann Creation of the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) by grouping Public Research Centre CRP-Santé and IBBL Institute. CEPS/INSTEAD became the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER). Business Initiative (1,2,3 GO) and the Impactory became nuyko. Inauguration of the House of BioHealth. Launch of Mind & Market Luxembourg to connect the world of research and innovation to companies. Launch of Proof of Concept, a new programme by the National Research Fund to bridge the gap between research and early stage of a marketable innovation. Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), the University of Luxembourg, the National Research Fund and Luxinnovation move to Belval. Establishment of the Institut de la Propriété Intellectuelle Luxembourg (IPIL) whose objective is to coherently bring together national and international expertise on intellectual property (IP) and make it available to the economic and institutional actors to be a driver of growth for Luxembourg. 2014 Launch of Horizon 2020, the European Union's EUR80 billion research and innovation programme. Launch of "Fit for Innovation", a programme supporting Luxembourg companies, mainly SMEs, developed in collaboration with the Ministry of the Economy and managed by Luxinnovation. 2013 Launch of the Luxembourg Automotive Components Cluster. 2012 Launch of the Technoport incubation centre in the City of Sciences, Research and Innovation in Belval. Technoport brings together the activities of the former Technoport-Schlassgoart incubator and the Ecostart Enterprise and Innovation Centres. Creation of the Max-Planck-Institute Luxembourg for international, European and regulatory procedural law. Announcement of the merger of CRP-Henri Tudor and CRP-Gabriel Lippmann. Launch of Seed4Start the Cross-Border Venture Capital Forum. 2011 Inauguration of the "House of Biomedicine", the first new building of the University of Luxembourg at the City of Sciences in Esch-Belval. Launch of Neobuild S.A. a cluster for sustainable construction, focusing on high environmental and energy performance of buildings. 2010 Passing of a law relating to an aid scheme for the protection of the environment and the rational use of natural resources. The Chamber of Commerce launches the Business Mentoring programme. 2009 Passing of a law relating to the promotion of R&D and innovation, allowing for a considerable increase of public aids in favour of innovative businesses in Luxembourg. Creation of the Luxembourg EcoInnovation Cluster. 2008 The Higher Committee for Research and Innovation is formed. Founding of the Integrated BioBank of Luxembourg (IBBL). Forming of the Luxembourg BioHealth Cluster. Forming of the Cluster for Logistics and the Luxembourg Maritime Cluster. Launch of the EURAXESS Luxembourg network, which aims to promote and facilitate the mobility of researchers. 2007 Opening of the second Ecostart Enterprise and Innovation Centre. Launch of the Creative Young Entrepreneur Luxembourg contest (CYEL). 2006 The Chambre des Métiers presents the 1st Innovation in Skilled Crafts Award to reward craft businesses for their innovative projects. 2005 Luxembourg becomes a member of the ESA. 2004 Passing of the law on the establishment of an aid scheme for innovation and R&D in favour of the Small and Medium-Sized sector. 2003 Establishment of the University of Luxembourg. Launch of the first version of the Luxembourg Portal for innovation and research in order to enhance communication on R&D and innovation activities carried out both nationally and internationally. Launch of a 3rd cluster: the Luxembourg Space Cluster. The Ecostart Enterprise and Innovation Centre is created in order to accommodate entrepreneurs establishing innovative companies and to support them until the launch of the company. The Ministry of the Economy establishes the Observatory for Competitiveness. Luxembourg joins the ARTES 5 programme of the European Space Agency (ESA). 2002 The Ministry of the Economy establishes the first technology clusters: the Luxembourg Materials Cluster and the Luxembourg ICT Cluster. Luxinnovation becomes the National Contact Point for European R&D programmes, including the Framework Programme for research of the European Union and the European Space Agency (ESA). Founding of the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE). 2000 Launch of the business plan competition 1,2,3 Go, which enables entrepreneurs to benefit from personalised coaching. 1999 Founding of the National Research Fund, in order to support researchers and public research activities. The government formed after the general elections of 1999 stresses the importance of research and innovation by increasing the budgetary resources made available to the sector and establishing a Ministry of Research, responsible for public research. 1998 CRP-Henri Tudor launches the 1st business incubator, Technoport Schlassgoart. 1993 Passing of the framework law for economic development and diversification, which provides an explicit R&D incentive scheme. It becomes the main instrument of support for research activities in the private sector. 1989 Founding of the Centre d’Etudes de Populations, de Pauvreté et de Politiques Socio-Economiques/International Network for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development (CEPS/INSTEAD). 1988 Founding of a 3rd Public Research Centre: CRP for Health. Launch of the 1st Environment Award of the Fedil-Business Federation Luxembourg. 1987 Passing of a law on the organisation of R&D in the public sector and cooperation with enterprises. Founding of two Public Research Centres (CRPs): CRP-Gabriel Lippmann and CRP-Henri Tudor. 1984 Establishment of Luxinnovation, the National Agency for Innovation and Research in Luxembourg, with the goal of creating a structure for information, awareness-raising and support for R&D and innovation. 1982 Launch of the 1st Innovation Award of the Fedil-Business Federation Luxembourg rewarding original and innovative work that stems from the creativity of its authors. 1981 An innovation and research support policy is passed with an important credit added to the budget of the Ministry of the Economy for the implementation of R&D programmes and projects initiated by Luxembourg enterprises.