In brief Research, development (R&D) and innovation have been political priorities for the Luxembourg government since the early 1980. Major investments have been made to boost both public and private R&D and innovation and significantly boost scientific human resources. Some key developments are listed here. 2017 Publication of the Law of 17 May 2017. Adoption of the Law of 20 July 2017 on the Exploration and Use of Space Resources. 2016 The Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE) is integrated into the University of Luxembourg. Creation of the National Composite Centre – Luxembourg (NCC-L). 2015 Creation of the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) which merges CRP-Henri Tudor and CRP-Gabriel Lippmann. Creation of the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) which brings together CRP-Santé and IBBL (Integrated BioBank of Luxembourg). CEPS/INSTEAD becomes the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER). The Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), the University of Luxembourg, the National Research Fund and Luxinnovation move to the City of Sciences, Research and Innovation in Belval. Establishment of the Institut de la Propriété Intellectuelle Luxembourg (IPIL). 2013 Launch of the Luxembourg Automotive Components Cluster. 2012 Launch of the Technoport incubation centre in the City of Sciences, Research and Innovation in Belval, which brings together the former Technoport-Schlassgoart incubator and the Ecostart Enterprise and Innovation Centres. Creation of the Max-Planck-Institute Luxembourg for international, European and regulatory procedural law. 2011 Inauguration of the House of Biomedicine, the first new building of the University of Luxembourg, in the City of Sciences, Research and Innovation in Belval. 2010 Passing of a law relating to an aid scheme for the protection of the environment and the rational use of natural resources. 2009 The new law relating to the promotion of R&D and innovation considerably increases public aids in favour of innovative businesses in Luxembourg. Creation of the Luxembourg EcoInnovation Cluster. 2008 Founding of the Integrated BioBank of Luxembourg (IBBL). Launch of the Luxembourg BioHealth Cluster, the Cluster for Logistics and the Luxembourg Maritime Cluster. 2006 The Chambre des Métiers launches the first edition of its Innovation in Skilled Crafts Award to reward innovative projects craft companies. 2005 Luxembourg becomes a member of the European Space Agency (ESA). 2004 Passing of the law on the establishment of an aid scheme for innovation and R&D in favour of small and medium-sized enterprises. 2003 Establishment of the University of Luxembourg. Launch of the first version of the Luxembourg Portal for innovation and research. Launch of the Luxembourg Space Cluster. Establishment of the Ecostart Enterprise and Innovation Centre. Luxembourg joins the ARTES 5 programme of the European Space Agency (ESA). 2002 Launch of the Luxembourg Materials and Production Technologies Cluster and the Luxembourg ICT Cluster. Founding of the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE). 1999 Founding of the National Research Fund. The government establishes a Ministry for Research, responsible for public research. 1998 CRP-Henri Tudor launches Luxembourg's first business incubator, Technoport Schlassgoart. 1993 Passing of the framework law for economic development and diversification, which includes an explicit R&D incentive scheme. It becomes Luxembourg's main instrument for supporting research activities in the private sector. 1989 Founding of the Centre d’Etudes de Populations, de Pauvreté et de Politiques Socio-Economiques/International Network for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development (CEPS/INSTEAD). 1988 Founding of a 3rd public research centre: CRP-Santé. Fedil - Business Federation Luxembourg launches the first edition of its Environment Award. 1987 Passing of a law on the organisation of public sector R&D in and cooperation with companies. Founding of two public research centres (CRPs): CRP-Gabriel Lippmann and CRP-Henri Tudor. 1984 Establishment of Luxinnovation, the National Agency for Innovation and Research in Luxembourg. 1982 Fedil - Business Federation Luxembourg launches the first edition of its Innovation Award. 1981 Luxembourg's first innovation and research support policy, which provides governmental funding for the implementation of R&D programmes and projects by Luxembourg enterprises, is adopted.