Luxembourg space policy Luxembourg joined the space adventure in 1985 through the creation of the Société Européenne des Satellites (SES), a satellite telecommunications pioneer that is now a major player in this sector. This successful venture has led not only to the development and growth of SES, but also to the emergence of an entire space industry in Luxembourg. The second major step in positioning the country in the space sector was Luxembourg’s accession to the European Space Agency (ESA). After a first cooperation agreement on the telecommunications programme ARTES, Luxembourg became ESA's 17th Member State on 30 June 2005. The ESA membership provides development opportunities and highlighting the technological capabilities of national players. It also confirmed the Luxembourg Government's determination to promote the country as a hub for innovative projects in advanced technologies. The Ministry of the Economy has developed a space policy whose main objectives are to: contribute to the diversification and sustainability of economic activities in Luxembourg consolidate and enhance existing skills in the field of telecommunications and media, and ground systems further extend the skills of the sector give an international dimension to the activities through the access to international networks In order to achieve this, substantial financial resources are needed at the European and national levels. European level At the European level, the aim is to: increase Luxembourg's contribution to ESA programmes for the current budget period. This increase affects both the budget for areas of confirmed Luxembourg interest, such as telecommunications, and new contributions in the areas of Earth observation, navigation, technology and security provide a budget at the ESA level to implement a national space programme These budgets allow for: Luxembourg players to access the space market that has unique characteristics and entrance criteria: a need for high-level technical capacities due to the advanced technical requirements of the space sector a need for legitimacy. Access to activities is in fact only possible for organisations that are known and recognised by the major renowned players of the sector. The creation of a solid track record is the only possible way to gain this legitimacy Luxembourg young graduates to enter the training programme of ESA. National level At the national level, the intention is to: provide a budget dedicated to national studies with the objective to explore new markets in which Luxembourg players are likely to position themselves (LuxLAUNCH). provide a budget dedicated to the development of bi- or multi-lateral cooperation with major space players outside Luxembourg.