European researcher mobility grants Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions The Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (MSCA) provide grants for researchers at all stages of their career to encourage transnational, intersectoral and interdisciplinary mobility. The MSCA also support industrial doctorates, combining academic research study with work in companies, and other innovative training that enhances employability and career development. The MSCA are part of Horizon 2020, the EU’s framework programme for research and innovation and support researchers irrespective of nationality. They are the main EU programme for doctoral training, financing 25,000 PhDs. Researchers working across all disciplines, from applied research to 'blue-sky' science, are eligible for funding. In addition to generous research funding, scientists have the possibility to gain experience abroad and in the private sector, and to complete their training with competences or disciplines useful for their careers. Several MSCA initiatives promote the involvement of industry etc. in doctoral and post-doctoral research. Four main types of actions Innovative Training Networks (ITN) finance training for early-stage researchers. ITN supports joint research training and/or doctoral programmes, implemented by partnerships of universities, research institutions, research infrastructures, businesses, SMEs or other organisations. This scheme funds 100% of eligible costs, covering the salary and other allowances for the researchers, as well as training and management cost for the hosting organisation. Individual Fellowships (IF) allow experienced researchers to diversify their competence by working on an individual project in a university or company abroad. Projects outside of the EU Member States are possible. The scheme also supports the reintegration of European researchers returning from outside Europe. Applications are made jointly by the researcher and the host organisation in the academic or non-academic sectors. Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE) promote collaboration across countries and sectors and to promote a shared culture of research and innovation. Organisations from both the academic and non-academic sectors, in Europe and outside, are eligible. Early-stage and experienced researchers, as well as managerial and technical staff, can participate. The programme supports joint research and innovation activities between the participants, based on secondments of staff. Co-funding of regional, national and international programmes (COFUND) provide funding to new or existing regional, national, and international programmes to provide for international, intersectoral and interdisciplinary research training which include international and cross-sectoral mobility of researchers. The national or regional agency manages their programmes independently, covering about one third of its cost via the COFUND programme. The MSCA also funds the European Researchers' Night, public events involving researchers which take place every year across Europe.